The shoulder joint is the joint in the body with the largest extent of movement. This is due, among other things, to our prominent position in the evolutionary history of life. The mobility is achieved by a only very loosely connected boney ball joint which only owes its stability to the complex interplay of ligaments, capsules and muscles. This anatomically special position makes the shoulder prone to injury and wear. Therefore, the shoulder joint also dislocates most frequently.
The elbow joint is a very stable joint of three joint parts. It allows a hinge movement between the upper arm and ulna and the turning movements between ulna, radius and the upper arm. The stability of the joint comes from the bony guide, the tight capsular ligament apparatus and muscles surrounding the joint. The elbow is nonetheless the second most dislocated joint.
The injuries and illnesses of the elbow are mostly of a complex nature. Understanding the different clinical issues is a decisive factor for successful therapy. In particular, the anatomical proximity to the nerves and blood vessels as well as of the complex bony structure make special demands on the surgeon.
In addition to the clinical examination, diagnosis is provided through the use of conventional X-ray image, ultrasound, MRI and CAT scans.